Most of us are well aware of the fact that some infections are more common in certain seasons in comparison to others. Summer weather encourages the microbes to multiply manifolds, thus, causing infections. Bacterial infections are quite common in the summer season. Some viral infections can also flare up in the hot weather.
Viruses and bacteria that are transmitted by airborne routes can easily spread in workplace settings like close air-conditioned spaces. However, as the famous quote, “prevention is better than cure”, it would be wise to take necessary preventive measures against the common infections in summer even if you think you are perfectly fit and healthy.
Here, we have enlisted some common summer infections along with their prevention tips:
Diarrhoea and Food Poisoning
Food can be easily contaminated with bacteria in the summer season which may lead to diarrhoea and food poisoning.
- Store the cooked food safely in a hygienic environment.
- Choose food that doesn’t spoil easily.
- Always eat freshly cooked food as much as possible.
A type of virus known as enterovirus produces cold-like symptoms that are more severe than the common winter cold. In some rare cases, enteroviral infections lead to some serious complications such as meningitis which is the infection of the brain membranes.
- Avoid visiting crowded places.
- Wash hands regularly and make use of hand sanitizers.
- Eat nutritious food and drink plenty of water.
- Take adequate sleep to reset your immune system each day.
Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus which usually crops up in summer.
It is more common among children in the age group of 4 to 8, especially those who have not been vaccinated for this virus.
- Avoid visiting crowded places.
- Two doses of chickenpox vaccine can be administered, first to infants in the age-group 12 and 15 months and second to kids from four to six years of age.
- Adults who didn’t get the chickenpox vaccine in childhood and have a risk of exposure can get the vaccine.
Conjunctivitis due to microbial infections and allergies is quite common in summers.
- Keep your eyes protected with sunglasses whenever you go outdoors.
- Wash your hands properly before touching eyes.
- Always wear goggles before entering the swimming pool.
Jaundice due to Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is a kind of viral infection that may result in jaundice. This infection is common in summers and is transmitted from contaminated meals or water.
- Always drink hygienic water
- Eat hot and fresh food.
Typhoid is one of the common summer diseases which is mainly transmitted through contaminated food items and water.
- Drink hygienic and warm water
- Eat fresh and hot food.
Measles and Mumps
Paramyxovirus causes measles which breed during the summer season. Mumps infection is characterised by swelling of the salivary glands along with fever.
- MMR Vaccination is the best preventive step for mumps and measles.
Some other common summer health concerns include dehydration, skin rashes, heat strokes, fungal infections and headaches.
Tips to Stay Healthy in Summers:
- Always stay hydrated.
- Avoid outdoor activities during peak sun hours.
- Eat fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables.
- Always drink hygienic water.
- Wash your hands regularly.
- Eat freshly cooked meals.
- Keep your environment healthy and clean.
- Wear loose cotton clothes.
Summer is a wonderful time to enjoy vacations and spend time with your loved ones. But you can have cherished moments only if you are healthy. All that you require to do to keep yourself fit is to have little awareness and follow the above mentioned tips to prevent summer infections. For more health-related tips and wellness consultation, you can visit https://drvishwanath.com/